Doing the Locale – Danmark

The following illustrates how to get the Number format working with a danish locale.

  1. import java.text.NumberFormat;
  2. import java.util.Currency;
  3. import java.util.Locale;
  6. public class TestLocale {
  8.  public static void main(String args[]){
  9.  // Create a Locale for Danmark
  10.  Locale DANMARK = new Locale("da","DK");
  12.  // get the currency instance for this locale.
  13.  Currency krone = Currency.getInstance(DANMARK);
  15.  // Get a Number format for the locale.
  16.  NumberFormat krFormat = NumberFormat.getCurrencyInstance(DANMARK);
  17.  // A symbol for the currency
  18.  String symbol = krFormat.getCurrency().getSymbol();
  19.  // A double amount
  20.  double amount = 10000.25;
  21. // print it out after formatting.
  22.  System.out.println(krFormat.format(amount));
  23.  }
  24. }

That thing about CI – Continous Integration

Challenging Business requirements and the need for software development teams to remain agile and competitive while managing parallel development and releases requires a system which is adaptive to these demands.

Our approach to SCM enables unlimited and adaptable process models, which are ideally suited for parallel, distributed, and agile software development. Using state of the Art technologies from various vendors to automate processes such as branching, merging, build, and release keeps you a click away from software delivery.

The real matter then is the sanity of your application and that’s the challenge we all need to address. We can have cute products right of the shelf to get it up and going but the whole challenge lies in the statement “up and going”. It takes a ton of energy and effort to come up with the right process and the right tool. I have not seen alot of CI projects failing strictly. But I do have seen extra efforts into things that should not be really there. failure would then mean the amounts of efforts spent on doing not so trivial stuff and on the other end if you are spending alot of time doing the major flows then definately something is wrong.

Automation does solve most parts of the problems but things that really need to be taken care of to get it right in the sweet spot are the ones Martin Fowler described in one of his articles.

* Maintain a Single Source Repository
Keep everyone together, at the end of the day we all work together dont we?

* Automate the Build
Automation of the build helps you.

* Make Your Build Self-Testing
Self testing build tells you exactly what you did and what you broke. So I can come up with this statement to my Lead. “If I commit this, it might break alot of stuff”. Well Sir, try running the Unit Test, You will know for sure! But then again honesty on the test cases really doest matter!

* Everyone Commits Every Day
Typically in a Agile environment helps alot, and forces you not to break the build. Better organization I must say.

* Every Commit Should Build the Mainline on an Integration Machine
Sanity checking of your commits. So often we commit without realiazing that we break something else.

* Keep the Build Fast
I usually commit before leaving for home. It helps great deal when you get the feedback within 5 mins. kind of a benchmark but depends.

* Make it Easy for Anyone to Get the Latest Executable
Keep all the build results and one sharable place. We did that on one of the http servers some time back

* Everyone can see what’s happening
Importantly that all results are published for all of us to know.

* Automate Deployment
Deployment automation means that my buddy X on the other side doesnt screw up the server for even a 1 min. Only deploys when build successfull.

Hope this helps.


How to read a file from the JAR?

Someone just asked me this question today. And I thought might as well put it down for info.

  1.  public TestReadFileFromJar() throws FileNotFoundException, IOException {
  2.         InputStream is = getClass().getResource("txtData/");
  3.         read(is);
  4. }

In the case above txtData is placed in the jar on the root. Remmember to add the path with the /


By using the command pattern you are seperating the operation from the invoking object. And just because of that it becomes easier to change the command without chagning the caller/s.
This means that you could use Command pattern when you might have the following situation

You want to parameterize objects to perform an action
You want to specify, execute and queue requests at different times.

Just to quickly start you need a command object, An interface will keep it easy going in this case, thus providing you with the option of extending other classes e.g. Swing MenuItem or Button.
Below the execute Method is the one invoked to do something when this command is called or asked to do its stuff.
Where as the getCommandName is assumed as a unique name how ever I am sure we can always come up with a better implementation for uniqueness.

  1. public interface Command {
  3.     public void execute();
  4.     public String getCommandName();
  6. }

And example implementation of the Command should look as follows
A Command Name, and and execute Method to tell what happens when this command is called.

  1. public class ForwardCmd implements Command {
  3.    private String COMMAND_NAME = "Back";
  5.    public BackCmd() {
  6.        super();
  7.    }
  9.    public String getCommandName() {
  10.        return COMMAND_NAME;
  11.     }
  13.     public void execute() {
  14.         System.out.println("Your wish, my command");
  15.     }
  16. }

The command manager is the controller in this case. It registers command objects. the “registerCommand” will simply take a command and store it in a list or something alike. This means you could load it out of a jar file, or an xml or path and just pass the object to the “registerCommand” AS a command offcourse.

the “execute” Command will simply execute the Command passed to it.

And the “getCommand” returns a command by looking up a COMMAND_NAME. So if you provide a name to it through you system it should give you an object of type Command and simple pass it to execute. Again this would be a controller logic and not the client one.

  1. public abstract class AbstractCommandManager {
  3.     public abstract void registerCommand(Command command);
  4.     public abstract Collection getAllCommands();
  5.     public abstract void execute(Command command);
  6.     public abstract Command getCommand(String name);
  7. }

Implementing the adapter

Typically when implementing an interface you would have to implement all the methods that exist in that interface. A very good example is the MouseListener in the java Swing. When you need to implement more then one method where as typically you might be catching only one of them. Saying that you would also find a Mouse Adapter provided as well. Some of us use that often. And that is part of the Adapter pattern. It makes life easier for me sometimes.

Adapter a structural pattern will let you adapt to a different environment. The joining between different environment is called Adapter. Thus basically giving others the interface that they expect or vice versa when your program becomes the client.

For example the following class expects that the implementing class should be implementing all three methods.

  1. public interface RecordListener {
  3. public void eventPrePerformed(RecordEvent recordEvent);
  5. public void eventPerformed(RecordEvent recordEvent);}
  7. public void eventPostPerformed(RecordEvent recordEvent);
  9. }

So lets say our implementing class is a rude one and only wants to implement one method. What do you do as an API designer. hmmm

Thats where we step in with the Adapter.

  1. public abstract class RecordAdapter implements RecordListener {
  3. public void eventPrePerformed(RecordEvent recordEvent) {}
  4. public void eventPerformed(RecordEvent recordEvent) {}
  5. public void eventPostPerformed(RecordEvent recordEvent) {}
  7. }
  9. public MyAdapterImpl extends RecordAdapter{
  11. public void eventPerformed(RecordEvent recordEvent){}
  13. }

Now the only thing left to do is use the adapter. And override any method that you might need .

  1. public MyClientClass {
  3. public MyClientClass(){
  5. this.addRecordListener(new MyAdapterImpl());
  7. }
  9. }

wasprofile -create -delete

Sometimes you require to do things silently, without any questions asked and “Just Do It” attitude is required.

I often find my self with this problem.

If you want to delete or create a Websphere profile from your command line try the following. (I have tried on RSA only)

# deleteing a profile
wasprofile -delete -profileName MyProfile

You should get the following message on deletion

INSTCONFSUCCESS: Success: The profile no longer exists.

Creating a websphere profile

wasprofile -create -profileName MyProfile -profilePath \
[PROFILE PATH] -templatePath \
[RSA HOME]runtimes\base_v6\profileTemplates\default \
-nodeName [NODE NAME] -cellName [CELL NAME] -hostName [HOSTNAME].

Abstract Factory pattern

Factories have been a key pattern in building applications, its fascinatingly simple, effective and to the point. When starting to learn a design oriented approach to applications or API, I would always recommend a factory pattern as one of the key starting notes of highlight in your design.

So today I am talking about the Abstract Factory pattern. Its not an “abstract” class or object that you call a pattern. But its a Factory of facotries and that is what exactly makes it so much wordingly abstract. Having “abstract” classes is there but just some other side of the coin.

When should I use an Abstract Factory:

  • Independence of how products are created, composed or represented
  • Should be configurable with one of the multiple families or products
  • You need enforcable constraints for the products used as a group
  • You need to reveal only the interfaces of products and not thier implementation as part of a bigger picture.

So lets begin with the fun.

This is how I plan to implement it:
Has A:
Product has a Specification
Factory has a Product
FactoryManager has FactoryConstants
FactoryManager has ComputerFactory

Is A:
BFactory is a ComputerFactory
AFactory is a ComputerFactory

Not shown.
ProductA is a Product
ProductB is a Product



Creating a simple factory that returns products.

  1. public abstract class ComputerFactory {
  3.  public abstract String getName();
  5.  public abstract Product[] getProducts();
  7.  public abstract Product getProduct(int ProductID);
  9. }

Implementation of the ComputerFactory

  1. public class AFactory extends ComputerFactory {
  3. public String getName(){
  4. return "A";
  5. }
  7. public Product[] getProducts(){
  8. return null;
  9. }
  11. public Product getProduct(int productID){
  12. switch(productID){
  13. case 1:
  14. return new ProductA();
  16. case 2:
  17. return new ProductB();
  19. default:
  20. throw new IllegalArgumentException("Sorry you hit the wrong factory, we closed down in 1600 BC");
  21. }
  22. }
  23. }

A register base for factories. Refer to the main method for use later in this post.

  1. public interface FactoryConstants {
  3.  public int A = 1;
  4.  public int B = 2;
  6. }

The main Entrant class. the Factory Manager that will give the ComputerFactory resultant. Its assumed to be a Singleton as it registers as a Creator in the system (assumption).

  1. public class FactoryManager{
  3.  private static FactoryManager factoryManager = null;
  5.  private FactoryManager(){
  7.  }
  9.  public static FactoryManager getInstance(){
  10.   if(factoryManager != null){
  11.    return factoryManager;
  12.   }
  13.   else return factoryManager = new FactoryManager();
  14.  }
  16.  public ComputerFactory getFactory(int factory) throws IllegalArgumentException{
  18.   switch(factory){
  19.    case FactoryConstants.A:
  20.    return new IBMFactory();
  22.    case FactoryConstants.B:
  23.    return new SUNFactory();
  25.    default:
  26.    throw new IllegalArgumentException("Sorry you hit the wrong factory, we closed down in 1600 BC");
  27.   } 
  28.  }
  29. }

A main method to test the AbstractFactory

  1.  public static void main(String args[]){
  3.   System.out.println(FactoryManager.getInstance().getFactory(FactoryConstants.A).getName());
  4.   System.out.println(FactoryManager.getInstance().getFactory(FactoryConstants.B).getName());
  5.   System.out.println(FactoryManager.getInstance().getFactory(3).getName());
  7.  }

You can find the complete code listing here:
AbstractFactory source

Crocus – CSV Reader

Easy to use ready to go CSV File Reading utility. Read One or Multiple files into a RecordManager, quick access to the file with segmentation into Fields and Records. Merge Multiple CSV files in one. Listener to CSV Files.

Download Here

A CSV file is broken up as follows
A CSVField has a group of characters
A CSVRecord has a group of CSVFields
A CSVFile has a group of record

How To Use:

Reading a Single CSVFile into a RecordManager

  1.  // Creating a single file interface
  2. CSVSingleFileInterface fileInterface = new CSVSingleFileInterface("/media/data/dev/workspace/crocus/testData/drupal-sample.csv",CSVConstants.COMMA);
  3. // Calling the read returns a CSVRecordManager i.e. in memory
  4. AbstractCSVRecordManager manager =;

Reading multiple files into one RecordManager

  1. // Specify a FileSet
  2. AbstractCSVFileSet fileSet = new CSVFileSet();
  4. // Add files to the set
  5. fileSet.addFile("testData/drupal-sample.csv");
  6. fileSet.addFile("testData/countries.csv");
  8. // Add the fileSet to a Reading Interface
  9. CSVFileSetInterface fileSetInterface = new CSVFileSetInterface(fileSet);
  11. //  Reading returns a manager same as in a Single file case.
  12. AbstractCSVRecordManager manager =;

This functionality is not complete but a peak is available.
You can now specify a Listener to Pre, Post and On Add of a record.

Setting up a Listener.

To add you listener simply implement the RecordListener class

  1. // Get a Record Manager
  2. AbstractCSVRecordManager manager = fileInterface.getRecordManager();
  4. // Add a listener to the Manager.
  5. manager.addRecordListener(this);
  1. // Implement an event listening method for listening to the RecordEvent.
  2. public void eventPerformed(RecordEvent recordEvent) {
  3. System.out.println(recordEvent.toString());
  5. }

for further information refer to the docs.

The Build System:

The build script supports the following targets

Build: init, clean, compile, jar, javadoc, tests

Including, Excluding files while creating compile, jar, tests

FILE DETAILS (Paths and description):



CROCUS_DEV = the main directory i.e. examples from here onwards this will be the variable used for describing details.

You will need to set CROCUS_DEV env variable inorder to run the build process

Also you would need to set ANT_HOME for usage of ant. I have used Ant 1.6.5 for builds.

$CROCUS_DEV/src Holds the source code i.e. java files

$CROCUS_DEV/build Carries all the build related files

$CROCUS_DEV/build/build.xml Main build script

$CROCUS_DEV/build/include.xml patterns for inclusion of java files at the time of compilation

$CROCUS_DEV/build/exclude.xml patterns for exclusion of java files at the time of compilation

$CROCUS_DEV/build/tests_include.xml patterns for inclusion of test java files at the time of compilation

$CROCUS_DEV/build/tests_exclude.xml patterns for exclusion of test java files at the time of compilation

$CROCUS_DEV/build/tools tools used during build.

$CROCUS_DEV/build/jar_buildfiles you can simply specify a txt file with some wild card matches and name it as yourjar.jar for the build system to recognize that “yourjar.jar” will be the name for this jar that should have the packages in it as specified in this txt(yourjar.jar)

$CROCUS_DEV/build/bin Holds the uniz script and the bat file for developers to run the build script more or less as:

Windows:> %CROCUS_DEV%/build all

Linux:> $CROCUS_DEV/ all

$CROCUS_DEV/build_results Holds all the results of the builds

$CROCUS_DEV/build_results/docs Created java docs

$CROCUS_DEV/build_results/classes Created classes

$CROCUS_DEV/build_results/tests Unit test results

$CROCUS_DEV/build_results/jars the jars created by the system

$CROCUS_DEV/jars/ Is the directory for jars related information

$CROCUS_DEV/jars/manifests Holds the manifests for the $CROCUS_DEV/build/jar_buildfiles.

Conventionally should use: Manifest.jarName

$CROCUS_DEV/jars/original3rdparty Holds any 3rd party vendor jars that might be used for putting in the classpath for the build system

$CROCUS_DEV/testData logically should hold all testData no matter how that might be. currently I have placed a few csv files (tabbed,comma,semicolon).

SVN – some quick commands during merge.

Following are some of the frequently used svn commands during merging and branching. I used to work with tortoise for this but as soon as I learned these, it feels like a more easier space to be in. Although no points taken away from tortoise, it still works pretty good for the gui part, This article is more targeted towards dark screen lovers.

Create a new branch from trunk:
If you want to create a branch from a specific revision of Trunk following command is handy. It does a remote copy. which means the machine you are on does not need a copy of the whole tree.


An example

$ svn copy -r 1234 --username foo --password bar -m "Remote copy"

When was this branch created?
If you want to know the day branch was created.

$ svn log -v --stop-on-copy BRANCH_URL

The last record will show you the day the branch as created.

List all the branches:
If you want to take a listing of branches or a tree



Merge from Branch to Trunk:

Browse to where you have checkedout trunk in the local directory.

$ cd

Update trunk to HEAD.

$ svn update
At revision 1234.

Following will merge from branch to trunk but will not commit.


Branch_REVISION will be the revision branch was created if this is the first time you are doing the merge.

$ svn merge -r 1233:1234

After this you should do an

svn status

to check the status of the files. the files will be marked with following Characters.

‘A’ Added
‘C’ Conflicted
‘D’ Deleted
‘I’ Ignored
‘M’ Modified

If there is any ‘C’ in the status the files will not be committed if you try an svn commit to save the merge to the trunk.

Merge from Trunk to Branch:

To merge from Trunk to branch you would need to browse to the branch checked out in the local direcotry.

$ cd
$ svn update
At revision 1234.

The following command will try merging trunk from revision 1233 i.e. the day branch was created to branch head.

$ svn merge -r 1233:HEAD TrunkURL BRANCH_URL

Hopefully this should help. However you should definitely refer to SVN Book for more detail.

svnbook at

HowTo create a JDBC provider with wsadmin scripting – Jython

Last week I wrote a post about creating MQQueues with jacl. However today I am moving to Jython. This is the new scripting languauge supported by the wsadmin. The following write-up helps you create a JDBC provider using Jython in 6 easy steps on the wsadmin console.

Pre requirements:
Following should be known to start using this tutorial.

1. How to launch the wsadmin with Jython enabled.

Where will I find the wsadmin?
It is typically placed in the bin directory of your server.
In my case its lying in my RAD installation directory as

To invoke the wasadmin, just open your terminal and move to the bin dir where you can simply call it by typing wsadmin -lang jython. By doing so you would be invoking the default profile. if you want to specify the profile then use the switch -profileName YOURPROFILENAME

You can either paste the commands step by step or store the whole code listing in one file like This means you can run this with wsadmin by specifying the -f switch.

After the wsadmin console is launched we can now move to creating the provider step by step.

Identify classpath for the provider. This is a path to the jar files that need to be used by the provider. In our case its a jdbc dirver for oracle.

driverPath = 'C:\lib\ojdbc14.jar'

Identify the node and cell that will hold this provider. Node/Cell is how websphere is organized. As the Provider will be created inside a node we need to know which node we are working with.

node = AdminConfig.getid('/Cell:%s/Node:%s/' % (cellName,nodeName))

In the code above first we get the NodeName and CellName of the current connected server and then take the reference of it as node.

Specify a template, In our case we have taken an ‘Oracle JDBC Driver (XA)’ template.
The following command will list the template for the provider specified and store it in a variable ‘providerTemplate’

providerTemplate=AdminConfig.listTemplates('JDBCProvider', 'Oracle JDBC Driver (XA)')

The name for our provider. It could be any name you want to give your provider.

providerName = ['name', 'Oracle JDBC Driver (XA)']

Implementation class and classpath for driver.
It is important to give the implementation class for our provider. In some cases they can be different in ours we use the default one.

implClassName = ['implementationClassName', 'oracle.jdbc.xa.client.OracleXADataSource']

The following code will just put all the above variables into a form expected by wsadmin as a temp variable jdbcAttrs.

classpath = ['classpath',driverPath]
jdbcAttrs = [providerName,  implClassName,classpath]


Now is the time to create the provider. and the following will just do that. It passes the type of the provider, the node ref, the jdbcAttrs created in step 5 and the template to be used to create the provider.

provider  = AdminConfig.createUsingTemplate('JDBCProvider', node, jdbcAttrs, providerTemplate)

This is pretty much it. You should now be able to see the provider in the AdminConsole.

Complete code listing is as follows

driverPath = 'C:\lib\ojdbc14.jar'
providerTemplate=AdminConfig.listTemplates('JDBCProvider', 'Oracle JDBC Driver (XA)')
node = AdminConfig.getid('/Cell:%s/Node:%s/' % (cellName,nodeName))
providerName = ['name', 'Oracle JDBC Driver (XA)']
implClassName = ['implementationClassName', 'oracle.jdbc.xa.client.OracleXADataSource']
classpath = ['classpath',driverPath]
jdbcAttrs = [providerName,  implClassName,classpath]
provider  = AdminConfig.createUsingTemplate('JDBCProvider', node, jdbcAttrs, providerTemplate)